End of Year Expectations for Year 2
Information for parents and carers on the end of year expectations for children in our school.
The staff have identified these expectations as being the minimum requirements your child must meet in order to ensure continued progress throughout the following year.
All the objectives will be worked on throughout the year and will be the focus of direct teaching. Any extra support you can provide in helping your children to achieve these is greatly valued.
- Secure at phase 6 phonics.
- Reads ahead to help with fluency & expression.
- Comments on plot, setting & characters in familiar & unfamiliar stories.
- Recounts main themes & events.
- Comments on structure of the text.
- Use commas, question marks & exclamation marks to vary expression.
- Read aloud with expression & intonation.
- speech marks
- Identify past/present tense.
- Use content and index to locate information.
- Write different kinds of sentence: statement, question, exclamation, command.
- Use expanded noun phrases to add description & specification.
- Write using subordination (when, if, that, because).
- Correct & consistent use of present tense & past tense.
- Correct use of verb tenses.
Correct & consistent use of:
- Capital letters.
- Full stops.
- Question marks.
- Exclamation marks. o Commas in a list.
- Apostrophe (omission).
- Introduction of speech marks.
- Write under headings.
- Evidence of diagonal & horizontal strokes to join handwriting.
- Compare & order numbers up to 100.
- Read & write all numbers to 100 in digits & words.
- Say 10 more/less than any number to 100.
- Count in multiples of 2, 3 & 5 & 10 from any number up to 100.
- Recall & use multiplication & division facts for 2, 5 & 10 tables.
- Recall & use +/- facts to 20.
- Derive & use related facts to 100.
- Recognise place value of any 2-digit number.
Add & subtract:
- 2-digit numbers & ones
- 2-digit numbers & tens
- Two 2-digit numbers
- Three 1-digit numbers
- Recognise & use inverse (+/-).
- Calculate & write multiplication & division calculations using multiplication tables.
- Recognise & use inverse (x/÷).
- Recognise, find, name & write 1/3; 1/4; 2/4; 3/4.
- Recognise equivalence of simple fractions.
- Tell time to five minutes, including quarter past/to.
By the end of key stage 1 pupils sit national curriculum tests in English, mathematics and English grammar, punctuation and spelling, commonly called SATs. The tests are a tool for teachers to help them measure your child’s performance and identify their needs as they move into key stage 2. They also allow teachers to see how your child is performing against national expected standards. It’s another way to highlight where your child is doing well, and where they might need extra help.
The National Curriculum tests or SATs can seem like a daunting part of your child’s education, but if you know what to expect, they don’t need to be scary for you or your child!
Below are some frequently asked questions that we have answered.
What tests do children take at the end of Year 2?
There are papers in, Reading, Mathematics and English grammar, punctuation and spelling
What is the testing process?
The tests are taken in May, but there are no set days and they are given in small groups of 4 – 8 pupils. The tests are not strictly timed and children are given breaks in between when needed.
How are the tests marked?
At Key Stage 1, the teachers in will mark the SATs papers. The mark your child gets in each test is called the ‘raw score’. This ‘raw score’ for each test will be translated into a ‘scaled score’, which will show how well your child has done against the expected standard. Children need to achieve a scaled score of 100 to meet the expected standard. Above 100 means they are exceeding the expected standard; below 100 means they are still working towards the expected standard.
Are there any example questions I can look at?
Yes. The Department for Education has produced some free sample papers for the Key Stage 1 SATs tests that you can download.
What happens in the Reading test?
There are two papers in the Reading test, each may include fiction, non-fiction and poetry. Children answer comprehension questions to show their understanding of the texts.
- In Paper 1, children are given a booklet that contains a selection of short texts to read (between 400 and 700 words). There are questions to answer at various points within each text with space for children to write their answers.
- In Paper 2, children are given a booklet of longer texts (between 800 and 1100 words) and questions in a separate answer booklet. Paper 2 is more challenging than Paper 1, but in each paper easier questions appear at the beginning and more difficult ones later on.
There are two papers in the Mathematics test. One focuses on simple arithmetic and the other focuses on mathematical reasoning. In each paper the questions appear in order of difficulty.
- In Paper 1: arithmetic, children answer 25 questions to test their fluency with number and calculation skills. They may not use calculators, rulers or any number apparatus to help them. In the test booklet, space is provided for children to use for working out.
- In Paper 2: reasoning, children answer questions to test their understanding of number, measures, geometry and statistics. The teacher will read the first 5 questions and children must listen and write their answer in their booklet. Some questions involve a problem-solving context and some prompt children to show their working. Children may use rulers, but are not allowed calculators or any other number apparatus.
What happens in the English grammar, punctuation and spelling test?
There are two papers in the English grammar, punctuation and spelling test. The first paper is an aural spelling test. The second test includes questions on grammar, punctuation and vocabulary. In each paper the questions appear in order of difficulty.
- In Paper 1: spelling, children are given an answer booklet containing 20 sentences with a missing word in each sentence. For each sentence, your child’s teacher will read aloud the missing word, then the whole sentence, and then the missing word again. Children must spell the missing word correctly, including any necessary capital letters or apostrophes, to gain a mark.
- In Paper 2: questions, children are given a booklet containing various questions that assess their understanding of grammar, punctuation and vocabulary.
What are we doing in school?
- We are calling SATs – Secret Agents in Training Questions, something where they can show off everything they are learning.
- We are completing SATs example questions during lessons and we make sure the children are familiar with the test format in their everyday activities.
- Making sure that they understand that the test is not about getting things right or wrong but trying their best.
How can I help my child?
- Encourage your child to do the homework that is set.
- Encourage your child to read each day.
- Find opportunities for your child to use numbers in everyday situations (telling the time, using money etc) and encourage them to work out sums in their head.
- Attend each of the SATs parent workshops.
- Encourage your child to follow up interests and talk to them about it.
- Talk to your child about what they are learning at school.
- Continue with the normal daily routine – as you know, a good night’s sleep and a good breakfast helps them learn.
- Don’t place pressure on the children – we believe they work better if they don’t even realise that the SATs are taking place!